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How much more conservative do you expect senior lenders to be by the end of 2018?

We are planning a significant ground-up construction deal on the West Coast that would move forward in early 2019. We have done one previous deal in the U.S. and did not have any issues finding a senior lender and covering the entire capital stack. What can we expect the lending conditions to be like when we start looking for a senior lender? Should we be prepared to put more private equity in the deal? Are there other funding sources that we should consider?

  • Kidder Mathews
    April 01, 2018

    The lending market will continue to be challenging particularly on the west coast for residential construction. The senior lenders will be much more conservative then they have been in the past. You can either provide more equity or another option would be Mezz Debt to bring your yields up. In some instances, EB-5 is still an option as well dependent on the project.

  • SPC Advisors, LLC
    March 30, 2018

    There is no shortage of capital in debt markets today. In addition to the traditional construction lending sources, banks, non-bank lenders are not subject to the regulatory requirements that govern banks; however, their cost of funds is higher than for traditional banks. When you talk about the entire capital stack, I don't think that you can borrow 100% even in today's competitive lending landscape. However, there are lenders who specialize in high yield loans-yes, even construction loans. Spreads are ticking up, but the competition is fierce. I am reluctant to name names in a general response. I will mention that there are Asian banks who seek to work with Asian developers.

  • Checkmate Capital
    March 31, 2018

    I don't expect any material difficulties this year for identifying a senior lender. For the mezzanine piece, there are also still ample providers of capital. When did you do you previous U.S.? If it was pre-2009 then now it will be a more intensive underwriting process but still achievable. For the senior lender, you will need 25-35% equity -- if you were planning on less than that (e.g. 15-20%), then you may need a mezzanine piece for that extra 5-10%.

  • April 03, 2018

    The answers depend wildly depending on property type / size / borrower / etc. but in general we do not anticipate lenders to be more conservative as the end of 2018 approaches. There is an unprecedented amount of debt fund capital raised that would go into a large west coast construction loan. Not sure when you did your last deal but the market is more liquid now that it has been 1, 3, 5 years ago as points of comparison. There are many new lenders.

  • Farazad Investments
    March 30, 2018

    Lenders are already conservative if you are seeking loans from institutional lenders. However, private lenders are allotted easier to work with and less restricted that your usual institutional lenders. Capital stack should not be less than 10% to obtain good pricing for construction financing.